There are a lot of challenges that a woman has to face in her day-to-day life,And be it handling the family, And managing work at the same time, looking after the children, And doing household chores etc. And It is only natural that this could lead to a broad range of health dysfunctionalities in females. And Listed below are some of the most common diseases that have been known to affect the women of today’s age. And Some of these diseases are seen in men as well but they affect women at a higher rate compared to men.
- Breast Cancer
And Breast cancer is responsible for almost 1% of death rates worldwide. And Even though the diagnosis and treatment of this disease is rapidly developing, And there has been a significant rise over the past few years in the number of women being diagnosed with breast cancer. And The reason behind this is that most women nowadays get married late, And breastfeed late and are overweight due to insufficient inactivity as a result of today’s sedentary lifestyle.And Doctors suggest that women above the age of 40 should get a mammography done regularly to stay safe and aware.
- Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
And Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) affects at least 10% of women during the reproductive age. And Several small cysts appear in a women’s ovaries during the ovulation period. And The ovaries are the main source behind the production of the female sex hormones. And They are mostly benign and pose no serious threat apart from occasional pains in the side of the abdomen, And irregular periods, mood swings, And sudden weight gain and excessive hair growth. But PCOS can increase your chances of onset type-2 diabetes and affect your fertility. And Also, if the cyst ruptures it could cause an infection and damage the uterus. And Most PCOS symptoms can be treated by following a strict diet regime and regular exercise.
And Although men and women can both suffer from depression it is predominantly seen in women. And This is because women are subjected to more hormonal changes especially post-pregnancy. And Depression can also arise from stress, detachment from a loved one, And substance abuse, physical and mental harassment. And It could also pass on through family or be a consequence of a traumatic injury or a terrible incident that might have occurred during childhood. And Depression should not be taken lightly. And It should be treated like any normal disease and immediate expert consultancy should be sought.
And Osteoporosis reduces the bone strength and makes them less resilient. And The bones become brittle and can break or get fractured easily. The leading causes of osteoporosis are excessive smoking,And drinking alcohol, And old age and lack of calcium and Vitamin D in the diet. And Studies suggest that Caucasians and Asians are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. And Women with a thin and wiry frame are also prone to osteoporosis.
- Heart Disease
And Around 29% of deaths in women are a result of cardiovascular diseases. And Since the symptoms of a heart disease are different and not easily identifiable in women as compared to men, And they tend to go unnoticed and untreated and this could lead to a stroke. Some causes of a cardio-vascular disease are obesity, And stress, muscle inactivity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes.
- Auto-Immune Disease
And An auto-immune disease occurs when the body’s immune system, And that is supposed to protect it from foreign invasion,And starts to attack its own organs. And Out of the total population affected by auto-immune disease, 75% of them are women. And There are around 80 different types of auto-immune diseases known to mankind. And Even though they are all different from one another,And they share common symptoms like fatigue, slight fever,And dizziness, inflammation etc. Some examples of auto-immune diseases are multiple sclerosis, lupus, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroiditis etc. And It is best if these diseases get detected in the earlier stages itself so that their progression can be slowed down.